Talchum is a type of art created and preserved by people; it is not only a ritual reflecting the spiritual culture of Korean people but also a satirical masque.
After the establishment of Naval Headquarter of the Three Provinces in 1604, people had played with Maegu(Korean musical instruments) and masks in the main office building far into the night on every New Year’s Eve. At that day, a new government office, Chwigosucheong, was established and is considered to be very influential on the creation of Tongyeong Owangdae. After closing the office, the musicians who once saw the mask dance introduced it to Tongyeong, and it has developed as a unique local heritage until now. Tongyeong Ogwangdae is a play based on dance, accompaniment, narrative, and song, and provides various purposes including playful purpose to provide an enjoyable festival, exorcising purpose of religious festival, and enlightening purpose with the view on the times and ethical virtues. Generally, the musicians are standing in front of audiences surrounding the circular stage and the performers are performing on the stage. It is a very humorous and satirical play with better musicality and Yeongnam Dutbegi Dance than any other masked dances.
There are 3 honorable holders, 1 holder, 5 teaching assistances, 13 instructors, and 20 apprentices for transmission and preservation of Tongyeong Ogwangdae by various subscription performances, workshops, and yearly transmission programs.